English Nepali
Clean Cooking
Clean Cooking

Three fourth of Nepal’s population still depends on biomass as the main source of energy for cooking and heating. The majority of them uses traditionally open fires or so called “3 stone stoves”. These are generally inefficient in terms of energy consumption and release harmful emissions affecting both human health and environment. Within the clean cooking component of NEEP, the Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC), together with the Renewable Energy Testing Station (RETS), is promoting quality improvements for clean cooking stoves. For this purpose, AEPC has established minimum performance benchmarks on fuel efficiency, emission levels, safety and convenience of stoves. NEEP aims at building up the necessary competencies for testing stoves against these parameters and further facilitating the dissemination of relevant information at the national and international level.

Working Modality

In cooperation with the RETS, AEPC shall formulate national minimum specifications for improved cook stoves (ICS) and institutional improved cook stoves (IICCS). Apart from fuel efficiency, the standards will furthermore look into the pollutant emission (e.g. particulate matter (PM)), user friendliness and safety of the stoves. Aspects taken into account are: user patterns, health aspects and affordability against a context of diverse regions, traditions and ethnicities. Since women and children are more strongly affected by the adverse health effects of indoor air pollution (IAP), the specifications for pollutant emission and user safety will be developed in field tests according to their specific needs.

Furthermore, AEPC will be supported to develop a testing system for quality benchmarking and further improvements of ICS and IICS together with the key actors within the Nepalese ICS market. It is planned to support the stove testers with training on internationally established test protocols to assure the quality of the testing system.

In order to formulate and introduce the minimum specifications, a close coordination between national and international stakeholders is essential. This shall be facilitated by:

Integrating the component 2 activities into the AEPC led National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP) that bundles all activities supported by international development partners and by

Harmonizing the AEPC/NBSM (Nepal Bureau for Standards and Meteorology) led Nepal ISO technical committee on standard stove specifications (TC 285) with international activities to establish ISO-standards for biomass based cooking stoves.

Implementing Agencies & Contact Persons

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GiZ)

Ms. Shubha Laxmi Shrestha

Mr. Jens Deutsch

Cooperating Partners

Renewable Energy Testing Station (RETS)


  1. Report of Field Assessment and Focus Group Discussion of Distributed Institutional Improved Cooking Stoves (2013) - English
  2. Report: Technical Improvement of ICS (2012) – English
  3. CES Inception Study on Energy Efficient Cooking Technology in High Mountains (2011) - English
  4. SWN Inception Study: Test "Pro-Poor" Self Approach to Improve Local Mud Stoves in the Terai (2011) - English
  5. Practical Action Inception Study: Testing "New Technologies" for the Terai (2011) - English
  6. CBS NLSS Report Nepal Census 2011, Vol. 1
  7. CBS NLSS Report Nepal Census 2011, Vol. 2
  8. Improved Cooking Stoves Portal on Energypedia


  1. CBS NLSS Report Nepal Census 2011, Vol. 1
  2. CBS NLSS Report Nepal Census 2011, Vol. 2
  3. Improved Cooking Stoves Portal on Energypedia

What is
Energy Efficiency?
Energy Efficiency, is the goal of efforts to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services.
(In short terms: Do more with less)
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